Sie sind hier: Startseite Abteilungen Paläontologie Arbeitsgruppen Invertebraten Mitarbeiter PD Dr. Torsten Wappler

PD Dr. Torsten Wappler

Contact information

Nussallee 8
Raum 118
Telefon: +49 (0)228 73-4682
Telefon: +49 (0)228 73-3103 (Sekretariat)
E-Mail: twappler [at]



  • Heisenberg Research Fellow of the German Science Foundation

Research interest

  • Insect herbivory in the fossil record
  • Systematic, palaeoecology and taphanomy of insects
  • Biogeography of extinct lace bugs (Heteroptera, Tingidae)


Ongoing projects

  •  Insect herbivory during the Palaeocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum (PETM) in Arctic Spitsbergen – Insides from early Cenozoic high latitudinal floras (DFG WA 1492/9-1)
  • Pliocene Insect Herbivory Dynamics in Central Europe as Key to the Future (DFG WA 1492/11-1)
  • A new palaeontological view on the origination of the ‚modern’ insect fauna (DFG WA 1492/12-1)

Finished projects

  • Evolution of insect-mediated pollination indicated by Palaeogene flowers and insects from Central Europe (DFG WA 1492/6-1)
  • Pattern of plant-insect associations from the Miocene floras of Iceland: Indicator for late Cainozoic plant and insect migration? (EU-SYNTHESYS)
  • Plant-arthropod associations from the Lower Miocene of the Most Basin in northern Bohemia (Czech Republic) (DFG WA 1492/4-1)

Selected publications

  • Wappler, T., V. S. Smith, and R. C. Dalgleish. 2004. Scratching an ancient itch: an Eocene bird louse fossil. Proceedings of the Royal Society Biological Sciences Series B 271:255-258.
  • Wappler, T., E. D. Currano, P. Wilf, J. Rust, and C. C. Labandeira. 2009. No post-Cretaceous ecosystem depression in European forests? Rich insect-feeding damage on diverse middle Palaeocene plants, Menat, France. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 276:4271-4277.
  • Wappler, T., M. Tokuda, J. Yukawa, and V. Wilde. 2010. Insect herbivores on Laurophyllum lanigeroides (Engelhardt 1992) Wilde: a role of a distinct plant-insect associational suite in host taxonomic assignment. Palaeontographica, Abt. B 283:137-155.
  • Winkler, I. S., C. C. Labandeira, T. Wappler, and P. Wilf. 2010. Distinguishing fossil Agromyzidae (Diptera) leaf mines in the fossil record: new taxa from the Paleogene of North America and Germany and their evolutionary implications. Journal of Paleontology 84:935-954.
  • Hughes, D., T. Wappler, and C. C. Labandeira. 2011. Ancient death-grip leaf scars reveal ant-fungal parasitism. Biology Letters 7:67-70.
  • Wappler, T. and T. Denk. 2011. Herbivory in early Tertiary Arctic forests. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 310:283-295.
  • Hartkopf-Fröder, C., J. Rust, T. Wappler, E. M. Friis, and A. Viehofen. 2012. Mid-Cretaceous charred fossil flowers reveal direct observation of arthropod feeding strategies. Biology Letters 8:295-298.
  • Knor, S., J. Prokop, Z. Kvaček, Z. Janovský, and T. Wappler. 2012. Plant–arthropod associations from the Early Miocene of the Most Basin in North Bohemia—Palaeoecological and palaeoclimatological implications. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 321-322:102-112.
  • Moisan, P., C. C. Labandeira, N. A. Matushkina, T. Wappler, S. Voigt, and H. Kerp. 2012. Lycopsid-arthropod associations and odonatopteran oviposition on Triassic herbaceous Isoetites. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 344-345:6-15.
  • Schmidt, A. R., S. Jancke, E. E. Lindquist, E. Ragazzi, G. Roghi, P. C. Nascimbene, K. Schmidt, T. Wappler, and D. A. Grimaldi. 2012. Arthropods in amber from the Triassic Period. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 109:14796-14801.
  • Wappler, T., T. De Meulemeester, A. Murat Aytekin, D. Michez, and M. S. Engel. 2012. Geometric morphometric analysis of a new Miocene bumble bee from the Randeck Maar of southwestern Germany (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Systematic Entomology 37:784-792.
  • Wappler, T., C. C. Labandeira, J. Rust, H. Frankenhäuser, and V. Wilde. 2012. Testing for the Effects and Consequences of Mid Paleogene Climate Change on Insect Herbivory. PLoS ONE 7:e40744.
  • Haug, J. T., A. Leipner, T. Wappler, and C. Haug. 2013. Palaeozoic insect nymphs: new finds from the Piesberg quarry (Upper Carboniferous, Germany). Bulletin of Geosciences 88:779-791.
  • Knor, S., M. Skuhravá, T. Wappler, and J. Prokop. 2013. Galls and gall makers on plant leaves from the lower Miocene (Burdigalian) of the Czech Republic: systematic and palaeoecological implications. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 188:38-51.
  • Kotthoff, U., T. Wappler, and M. S. Engel. 2013. Greater past disparity and diversity hints at ancient migrations of European honey bee lineages into Africa and Asia. Journal of Biogeography 40:1832-1838.
  • Nel, A., P. Roques, P. Nel, A. A. Prokin, T. Bourgoin, J. Prokop, J. Szwedo, D. Azar, L. Desutter-Grandcolas, T. Wappler, R. Garrouste, D. Coty, D. Huang, M. S. Engel, and A. G. Kirejtshuk. 2013. The earliest known holometabolous insects. Nature 503:257-261.
  • Wappler, T., R. Garrouste, M. S. Engel, and A. Nel. 2013. Wasp mimicry among Palaeocene reduviid bugs from Svalbard. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 58:883-887.
  • Chen, J., B. Wang, M. S. Engel, T. Wappler, E. A. Jarzembowski, H. Zhang, X. Wang, X. Zheng, and J. Rust. 2014. Extreme adaptations for aquatic ectoparasitism in a Jurassic fly larva. eLife 3:e02844.
  • Háva, J. and T. Wappler. 2014. A new genus and species of Dermestidae (Coleoptera) from the Eckfeld Maar crater (Middle Eocene, Germany). Bulletin of Geosciences 89:67-74.
  • Kustatscher, E., M. Franz, C. Heunisch, M. Reich, and T. Wappler. 2014. Floodplain habitats of braided river systems: depositional environment, flora and fauna of the Solling Formation (Buntsandstein, Lower Triassic) from Bremke and Fürstenberg (Germany). Palaeobiodiversity and Palaeoenvironments 94:237-270.
  • Misof, B. and S. Liu and K. Meusemann and R. S. Peters and A. Donath and C. Mayer and P. B. Frandsen and J. Ware and T. Flouri and R. G. Beutel and O. Niehuis and M. Petersen and F. Izquierdo-Carrasco and T. Wappler and J. Rust and A. J. Aberer and U. Aspock and H. Aspock and D. Bartel and A. Blanke and S. Berger and A. Bohm and T. R. Buckley and B. Calcott and J. Chen and F. Friedrich and M. Fukui and M. Fujita and C. Greve and P. Grobe and S. Gu and Y. Huang and L. S. Jermiin and A. Y. Kawahara and L. Krogmann and M. Kubiak and R. Lanfear and H. Letsch and Y. Li and Z. Li and J. Li and H. Lu and R. Machida and Y. Mashimo and P. Kapli and D. D. McKenna and G. Meng and Y. Nakagaki and J. L. Navarrete-Heredia and M. Ott and Y. Ou and G. Pass and L. Podsiadlowski and H. Pohl and B. M. von Reumont and K. Schutte and K. Sekiya and S. Shimizu and A. Slipinski and A. Stamatakis and W. Song and X. Su and N. U. Szucsich and M. Tan and X. Tan and M. Tang and J. Tang and G. Timelthaler and S. Tomizuka and M. Trautwein and X. Tong and T. Uchifune and M. G. Walzl and B. M. Wiegmann and J. Wilbrandt and B. Wipfler and T. K. F. Wong and Q. Wu and G. Wu and Y. Xie and S. Yang and Q. Yang and D. K. Yeates and K. Yoshizawa and Q. Zhang and R. Zhang and W. Zhang and Y. Zhang and J. Zhao and C. Zhou and L. Zhou and T. Ziesmann and S. Zou and Y. Li and X. Xu and Y. Zhang and H. Yang and J. Wang and J. Wang and K. M. Kjer and X. Zhou. 2014. Phylogenomics resolves the timing and pattern of insect evolution. Science 346:763-767.
  • Wang, B., J. Rust, M. S. Engel, J. Szwedo, S. Dutta, A. Nel, Y. Fan, F. Meng, G. Shi, E. A. Jarzembowski, T. Wappler, F. Stebner, Y. Fang, L. Mao, D. Zheng, and H. Zhang. 2014. A Diverse Paleobiota in Early Eocene Fushun Amber from China. Current Biology 24:1606-1610.
  • Wappler, T., G. M. Dlussky, M. S. Engel, J. Prokop, and S. Knor. 2014. A new trap-jaw ant species of the genus Odontomachus (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Ponerinae) from the Early Miocene (Burdigalian) of the Czech Republic. Paläontologische Zeitschrift 88:495-502.
  • Béthoux, O., B. Kondratieff, F. Grímsson, E. Ólafsson, and T. Wappler. 2015. Character state-based taxa erected to accommodate fossil and extant needle stoneflies (Leuctridae - Leuctrida tax.n.) and close relatives. Systematic Entomology 40:322-341.
  • Beutel, R. G., W. W. Zhang, T. Wappler, M. Bai, and H. Pohl. 2015. A miniaturized beetle larva in Cretaceous Burmese amber: reinterpretation of a fossil “strepsipteran triungulin”. Insect Systematics & Evolution.
  • Gunkel, S. and T. Wappler. 2015. Plant-insect interactions in the upper Oligocene of Enspel (Westerwald, Germany), including an extended mathematical framework for rarefaction. Palaeobiodiversity and Palaeoenvironments 95:55-75.
  • Knor, S., Z. Kvaček, T. Wappler, and J. Prokop. 2015. Diversity, taphonomy and palaeoecology of plant-arthropod interactions in the lower Miocene (Burdigalian) in the Most Basin in north-western Bohemia (Czech Republic). Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 219:52-70.
  • Kotov, A. A. and T. Wappler. 2015. Findings of Daphnia (Ctenodaphnia) Dybowski et Grochowski (Branchiopoda: Cladocera) in Cenozoic volcanogenic lakes in Germany, with discussion of their indicator value. Palaeontologia Electronica 18.2.40A:1-9.
  • Marchetti, L., G. Forte, M. Bernardi, T. Wappler, C. Hartkopf-Fröder, K. Krainer, and E. Kustatscher. 2015. Reconstruction of a Late Cisuralian (Early Permian) floodplain lake environment: Palaeontology and sedimentology of the Tregiovo Basin (Trentino-Alto Adige, Northern Italy). Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 440:180-200.
  • Su, T., J. M. Adams, T. Wappler, Y.-J. Huang, F. M. B. Jacques, Y.-S. Liu, and Z.-K. Zhou. 2015. Resilience of plant-insect interactions in an oak lineage through Quaternary climate change. Paleobiology 41:174-186.
  • Wang, B., F. Xia, T. Wappler, E. Simon, H. Zhang, E. A. Jarzembowski, and J. Szwedo. 2015. Brood care in a 100-million-year-old scale insect. eLife 4:e05447.
  • Wappler, T., E. Guilbert, C. C. Labandeira, T. Hörnschemeyer, and S. Wedmann. 2015. Morphological and Behavioral Convergence in Extinct and Extant Bugs: The Systematics and Biology of a New Unusual Fossil Lace Bug from the Eocene. PLoS ONE 10:e0133330.
  • Wappler, T., E. Kustatscher, and E. Dellantonio. 2015. Plant–insect interactions from Middle Triassic (late Ladinian) of Monte Agnello (Dolomites, N-Italy)—initial pattern and response to abiotic environmental perturbations. PeerJ 3:e921.
  • Wappler, T., C. C. Labandeira, M. S. Engel, R. Zetter, and F. Grimsson. 2015. Specialized and Generalized Pollen-Collection Strategies in an Ancient Bee Lineage. Current Biology 25:3092-3098.
  • Adroit, B., T. Wappler, J.-F. Terral, A. A. Ali, and V. Girard. 2016. Bernasso, a paleoforest from the early Pleistocene: New input from plant-insect interactions (Hérault, France). Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 446:78-84.
  • Grímsson, F., R. Zetter, C. C. Labandeira, M. S. Engel, and T. Wappler. 2016. Taxonomic description of in situ bee pollen from the middle Eocene of Germany. Grana:1-34.
  • Mähler, B., T. Wappler, M. Sanmugaraja, F. Menger, and W. von Koenigswald. 2016. Upper Pleistocene blow flies (Diptera: Calliphoridae) trapped in fossilized crania of large mammals discovered from gravel pits in the Rhine rift valley from Hesse (Germany). Palaeontologia Electronica 19.2.13A:1-12.
  • Rust, J. and T. Wappler. 2016. Palaeontology: The Point of No Return in the Fossil Record of Eusociality. Current Biology 26:R159-R161.
  • Wappler, T. and F. Grímsson. 2016. Before the ‘Big Chill’: Patterns of plant-insect associations from the Neogene of Iceland. Global and Planetary Change 142:73-86.